Lack of knowledge and awareness

Across all the countries, there were clear knowledge gaps about HIV among the key and vulnerable populations. The lack of knowledge and awareness has made way for common misconceptions about HIV treatment and care. For example, even among those diagnosed with HIV, many refused to or did not start treatment because of a lack of visible symptoms or the feeling of being “unwell”.

Consistently across the region, while knowledge about HIV prevention, treatment and viral suppression, was low among all populations, it was particularly low among young people who lacked access to basic information on their health.

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